Series of Apollo – Festivals

Festivals, days, and times sacred to Apollo

Every seventh day of the greek calendar was sacred to Apollo, actually some would say that he was born on the seventh day of the seventh month. Besides that there was some festivals:

  • Stepteria, celebrated every eight years (altought that is the only information I have)
  • Pythia, celebrated every four years (that just being the only information I have)
  • Thargelia was celebrated on the sixth and the seventh day of the month Thargelion (in the Athenian calendar), and was sacred to Artemis and Apollo, the numbers would have to do with their birthday. Artemis on the 6 and Apollo on the 7.
  • Pyanopsia, celebrated on the seventh day of the month Pyanepsion (in the Athenian calendar)
  • Delphinia, celebrated on the sixth or seventh day of the month Munychion (in the Athenian calendar)
  • Boedromia, celebrated on the seventh day of the month Boedromion (in the Athenian calendar)

A good post for knowing a bit more: Apollon Festivals

I think that is it, if you know any other just tell me. Thank you,
Andy.

Series of Apollo – Offerings

Offerings – historical and UPG – for Apollo

On offerings to the gods we see their myths, their symbols and even their epithets. So I’ll say which could be appropriate to offer Apollo.

  • We will start with music and poems, being a god of music.
  • Or even art, any kind of art but especially singing (music).
  • We can offer him bay leaves. He has a love myth of him and a nymph (as all we know he hadn’t a relationship for many time, there was a time where it would end by whatever reasons). This nymph was Daphne. Eros make Apollo fall deeply in love with the nymph but that the nymph didn’t want anything with Apollo. She was being “chased” by Apollo until she asked help from the gods and they transformed her into a bay tree. Since then, this tree and its leaves were sacred to Apollo. (He even wears a bay leaves wreath)
  • I saw in tumblr that we may give him flowers (maybe a thing that can be offered to most gods), but there is a flower associated with him: hyacinth. This is because of the myth of Apollo and Hyacinth. They were lovers, and Hyacinth died. Apollo didn’t want to let him go to the underworld and instead he created a flower with the name of his lover.
  • We can also offer him the offerings most common that most or all gods should accept: water, wine, bread, or even milk (or milk and honey).
  • I associate Apollo with honey (this can be a common offer to any of the gods, but I associate it more with Apollo, you may take it as UPG), and I want also to try and offer him tea, he seems to be someone who may enjoy tea. (Just wanted to add that Apollo is also associated with the bees, because in one myth, the oracle was given to him by three nymphs with bee heads.)
  • Frankincense was a common offering for the gods.
  • And if you enjoy colors and want to offer Apollo something that has to do with color, as I said in the symbols post, his colors are gold, yellow and white.
  • In tumblr I also saw that he enjoy chocolate.
  • And you may offer him things that have to do with his associations/symbols, such as wolf, dolphin or swan stuff.

If you wish to read more about offerings to Apollo, click here.

I think this is it. Thank you,
Andy.

Series of Apollo – Mistakes

Common mistakes about Apollo

Apollo isn’t just a god of healing and music. Apollo is much more. He isn’t just a god of healing, as he is a god of plagues. He is also the god of truth and prophecy. As we seen in the last post, Apollo is a god of duality. Basically that is what I can write in here. And this isn’t just about Apollo. All the gods aren’t just the god of one thing. They have many atributes and we need to respect all of these atributes.

I found something two/three days after publishing this. There is a blog devoted to him and this blog has a page of his misconceptions.

Thank you,
Andy.

Series of Apollo – Variations

Variations on Apollo

Apollo is a god of duality. There are these variations on his aspects. Apollo is a god of:

  • Light and Darkness
  • Healing and Plagues
  • Saviour and Death-bringer
  • Boy protector and boy slayer
  • Colonization/Exploring and Home/Doorway
  • Purification and Murder
  • Who Shoots/Works from afar and One who helps and is often seen in battle
  • Truth and Poetry (which is many times a lie)
  • Who shines like the sun and comes like the night
  • Of youth and the transition to adulthood
  • Of the pastures and of the city
  • Of Music and Holy Silence

Reference: http://apollonion.blogspot.pt/2007/04/god-of-contradictions.html

For variations on cult reffering to certain places, you can see it in theoi.com.

Series of Apollo – Epithets

Epithets

Epithets are very interesting things. I love epithets. I’m thinking of making a series of posts to explain each one of them and give them some associations. If I do that, I’ll link it here. Today I will just put a list of his epithets.

For those who don’t know what are epithets: epithets are titles of certain forms of the gods, of certain areas he may be associated with, they may be titles reffering to places of their cult, it can be seen also as surnames or names itself. Without further ado, the list:

[Greek Name/Transliteration/Latin Spelling/Translation]

  • Απολλων Θεαριος – Apollôn Thearios – Apollo Thearius – Apollo Of the Oracle
  • Απολλων Προοπσιος – Apollôn Proopsios – Apollo Proupsius – Apollo Foreseeing
  • Απολλων Κληριος  Apollôn Klêrios – Apollo Clerius – Apollo Distributing by Lot
  • Απολλων Κληδωνες – Apollôn Klêdônes – Apollo Cledones – Apollo Omen in Words and Sounds
  • Απολλων Ἑκατος – Apollôn Hekatos – Apollo Hecatus – Apollo Shooter from Afar
  • Απολλων Αγραιος – Apollôn Agraios – Apollo Agraeus – Apollo Hunter, Of the Hunt
  • Απολλων Μουσηγετης – Apollôn Mousêgetês – Apollo Musagetes – Apollo Leader of the Muses
  • Απολλων Ουλιος – Apollôn Oulios – Apollo Ulius – Apollo Of Sound Health
  • Απολλων Παιαν – Apollôn Paian – Apollo Paean – Apollo Healer
  • Απολλων Παιηον – Apollôn Paiêon – Apollo Paean – Apollo Healer
  • Απολλων Παιων – Apollôn Paiôn – Apollo Paeon – Apollo Healer
  • Απολλων Ακεσιος – Apollôn Akesios – Apollo Acesius – Apollo Of Healing
  • Απολλων Αλεξικακος – Apollôn Alexikakos – Apollo Alexicacus – Apollo Averter of Evil, Averter of Harm
  • Απολλων Επικουριος – Apollôn Epikourios – Apollo Epicurius – Apollo Succouring, Helping
  • Απολλων Βοηδρομιος – Apollôn Boêdromios – Apollo Boedromius – Apollo Rescuer
  • Απολλων Λυκιος – Apollôn Lykios – Apollo Lycius –   Apollo Of the Wolves
  • Απολλων Σμινθειος – Apollôn Smintheios – Apollo Smintheus – Apollo Of the Mice
  • Απολλων Σμινθαιος – Apollôn Sminthaios – Apollo Smintheus – Apollo Of the Mice
  • Απολλων Παρνοπιος – Apollôn Parnopios – Apollo Parnopius – Apollo Of the Locusts
  • Απολλων Πορνοπιων – Apollôn Pornopiôn – Apollo Pornopion – Apollo Of the Locusts
  • Απολλων Ερυθιβιος – Apollôn Erythibios – Apollo Erythibius – Apollo Of the Mildew
  • Απολλων Δελφινιος – Apollôn Delphinios – Apollo Delphinius – Apollo Of the Dolphins
  • Απολλων Ακτιος – Apollôn Aktios – Apollo Actius – Apollo Of the Foreshore
  • Απολλων Θεοξενιος – Apollôn Theoxenios – Apollo Theoxenius – Apollo God (Protector) of Strangers, Foreigners
  • Απολλων Επιβατηεριος – Apollôn Epibatêrios – Apollo Epibaterius – Apollo Of Sacrifices on Disembarkation
  • Απολλων Κορυνθος – Apollôn Korynthos – Apollo Corynthus – Apollo Of the (Sacred) Corynthus-Cake
  • Απολλων Ενθρυπτος – Apollôn Enthryptos – Apollo Enthryptus – Apollo Of the (Sacred) Enthryptos-Cake
  • Απολλων Αργυιευς – Apollôn Argyieus – Apollo Argyeus – Apollo Of the Streets
  • Απολλων Προστατηριος – Apollôn Prostatêrios – Apollo Prostaterius – Apollo Standing Before (the Entrance)
  • Απολλων Ὁριος – Apollôn Horios – Apollo Horius – Apollo Of Borders, Boundaries
  • Απολλων Δεκατηφορος – Apollôn Dekatêphoros – Apollo Decatephorus – Apollo Bringer of Tithes
  • Απολλων Αιγλητος – Apollôn Aiglêtos – Apollo Aegletus – Apollo Shining
  • Απολλων Θερμιος – Apollôn Thermios – Apollo Thermius – Apollo Of Lupine Flowers
  • Απολλων Καρνειος – Apollôn Karneios – Apollo Carneus – Apollo Of the Cornel-Tree
  • Απολλων Πατρωιος – Apollôn Patrôios – Apollo Patroeus – Apollo Of the Fathers, Ancestral
  • Απολλων Διονυσοδοτης – Apollôn Dionysodotês – Apollo Dionysodotes – Apollo Bestower of Dionysus
  • Απολλων Πυθιος – Apollôn Pythios – Apollo Pythius – Apollo Of the Python
  • Απολλων Λατωιος – Apollôn Latôios – Apollo Latoeus – Apollo Son of Leto
  • Απολλων Αρχηγετης – Apollôn Arkhêgetês – Apollo Archegetes – Apollo Founder (of Megara’s Walls)
  • Απολλων Ακταιος – Apollôn Aktaios – Apollo Actaeus – Apollo Of the Coast
  • Απολλων Σποδιος – Apollôn Spodios – Apollo Spodius – Apollo Of (Altar) Ashes
  • Απολλων Μελιαι – Apollôn Meliai – Apollo Meliae – Apollo Of the Ash-Trees
  • Απολλων Πλατανιστιος – Apollôn Platanistios – Apollo Platanistius – Of the Plane-Trees
  • Απολλων Δειραδιωτης – Apollôn Deiradiôtês – Apollo Diradiotes – Of the Ridge

I’d like to add some epithets that still don’t have a translation. “The meaning of some of his titles remain obscure”:

  • Απολλων Μαλεατος – Apollôn Maleatos – Apollo Maleatus
  • Απολλων Μαλοεις – Apollôn Maloeis – Apollo Maloeis
  • Απολλων Ακριτης – Apollôn Akritês – Apollo Acrites
  • Απολλων Καρινος – Apollôn Karinos – Apollo Carinus 
  • Απολλων Θυρξευς – Apollôn Thyrxeus – Apollo Thyrxeus
  • Απολλων Αργεωτας – Apollôn Argeôtas – Apollo Argeotas
  • Απολλων Κερεατας – Apollôn Kereatas – Apollo Cereatas
  • Απολλων Λαφριος – Apollôn Laphrios – Apollo Laphrius

There are also epithets of the places of the cult of Apollo, like Apollôn Delphios, but I think that this post is also a bit large. If you wish to see the epithets related to the places or see where I get the epithets, go to this page in theoi.com.

Thank you,
Andy.

Series of Apollo – Deities Related

Related deities and entities associated with Apollo

Helios was the titan equivalent of Apollo, being in the hellenic mythology as well… He is a titan that is associated with the sun.

The roman counterpart of Apollo also is Apollo but the personality changes from one place to the other. I think the roman ones are more war-like gods. The roman titan equivalent would be Sol.

If we were seeing in the egyptian mythology the “equivalent” would be Ra, god of the sun. Or even Khepera (Khepri) and/or Khnum, because those are seen as aspects of Ra, the sun. It may also be Sekhmet, she is associated with healing and causing plagues as Apollo, she is seen as the most hot sun, the sun of the midday. Or even Atum, Amun or Aten (you see, egyptian mythology had many associations and deities that were syncretic, and this way both the deities were seen on that aspect). Heru (Horus) is also associated with Apollo.

In the norse mythology I guess would be Sól, Baldur or Freyr.

In the celtic myhtology would be Belenus (in the wikipedia it says that he would be very like Apollo) or Alaunus (who also has to do with prophecy and healing). It could also be Lugh (being associated with arts and crafts), or Brigid (associated with healing, sometimes sun and poetry).

In the caannite mythology would be Shapash.

Surya is a solar deity and could be associated with Apollo, in the Buddhism, Hinduism or even Jainism.

Amaterasu is the solar deity in the japanese mythology and in the Shintoism.

As I am portuguese, I’d love to add the lusitanian mythology, and here the solar deity would be Endovelicus (he would be very much like Apollo, also having oracular functions and associated with healing).

The Maya sun god is Kinich Ahau (aka Ah Kin).

If you are interested in learning about more solar deities, click here.

Series of Apollo – Family

Members of the family – genealogical connections – of Apollo

This is a theme that you can find almost everywhere, this being the Hellenic mythology (the most well-known) but I’ll write a bit about it.

Apollo and Artemis were born of Zeus, king of the gods, god of the storms and the sky, and Leto, a titan associated with motherhood. They were born in the island of Delos.

His twin sister, Artemis is the goddess of the hunt, of the moon, of the wilderness and the protector of girls (where Apollo is the protector of boys). They both are seeing carrying a bow and arrows.

A22_1

Although never married, Apollo had many children, both mortal and imortal. He had various lovers. I’ll give you some examples of his children:

  • Aristaios (or Aristaeus) is one of the imortal offspring, being son of Apollo and the nymph Kyrene (or Cyrene). This god is a rustic god of shepherds and cheesemaking, beekeeping and honey.
  • Other very known imortal child of Apollo is Asklepios (or Asclepius), born of Koronis, being the god of medicine (a role both he and his father are associated with).
  • Orpheus was a poet, one of the mortal offspring, born of Calliope.

 

I think that would be it. Thank you,
Andy.

 

Series of Apollo – Symbols

Symbols and icons of this deity

Apollo has many symbols and sacred animals so I’ll arrange them in a list:

  • The lyre. Apollo is seen with a lyre because of his form as god of music.
  • A bow and arrows. Apollo is seen with a bow and arrows, such as his sister, Artemis.
  • The number 7. When searching about him I realize his number is 7. Actually, every 7th day of the greek month was dedicated to him.
  • The sun, being a god associated with it.
  • A wreath of bay leaves. Or a golden laurel.
  • The wolves are associated with him because of an epithet. (Apollo Lykios)
  • The mice are also associated with him because of an epithet. (Apollo Smintheios)
  • So are the locusts. (Apollo Parnopios)
  • He is also associated with dolphins.
  • The snakes are associated with him because of a myth where he defeated Python.
  • The swans are also another form of him.
  • So are the raven.
  • His colors are gold, yellow and white.

If I forget any of other symbols just say it, either by comment or by email, please.

Thank you,
Andy.

Series of Apollo – Discovery of Apollo

How did I become first aware of Apollo? (A bit of my history on encountering him)

I was catholic, as many children out there, but that didn’t seem right to me, I believed in something more, not just one god who created it all. I was always drawn to those mythologies we learned in school and of course that was the greek/roman one.

In the time that I first entered paganism I was really drawn to Apollo. But that isn’t the end of the story haha Then one day I had a sort of vision, after 3 dreams, where I was in the bathroom like I had slept there, which I hadn’t, then I woke.

I took that sign as a sign of Poseidon telling me he was in my life. Some time after these events, still not devoting myself to any deity I studied egyptian mythology and I took the online course of the Kemetic Orthodoxy religion. I was impressed with everything egyptian. (I still am haha) I was really drawn to Aset (Isis) and Yinepu (Anubis). Actually it was because of Yinepu that I took the course and then I became aware of Aset.

2 days ago or so I decided to do a tarot spread to know my Patron God. In the main characteristic position was the 2 of Cups, which I read as being some god who had to do with harmony and had both feminine and masculine aspects or were also associated or accompanied by a goddess. I went to my list of gods that I feel drawn to and I search about some of them.

When I search about Apollo I came across with his association with harmony and wanting balance and order. And the woman on the 2 of Cups? Well, Artemis is his twin sister. Maybe the card was also showing her. Then of course there were more cards, and on the cult positions were the Wheel of Fortune and the 10 of Wands, which I read as being a god that his cult has to do with cycles, changes, etc… Apollo is a god associated with the sun, isn’t he? haha The 10 of Wands showed me that to cult this god I had to had responsibility and there was hard work in his cult.

Then there were two more cards that showed more of his energy and these were 4 of Cups and 5 of Pentacles. This means that the god is a god who thinks before doing, who has to do with meditation and the mind (4 of Cups), and a god that besides healing can cause plagues as well (5 of Pentacles).

So yes, I guess that the god on my reading was Apollo, and reading more about him, I realize how we both are alike, so he may not be my Patron God (which I think he is) but I am absolutely sure that he is very present in my life. My favorite number/lucky number/however you want to call it is 7, which I found out that is Apollo’s number. I search order and harmony as he does. I love arts, especially performative arts, such as music, dance and theatre. Actually I am on a drama club and I love it. I am nothing without music haha And besides of art I was really drawn to medicine and healing. As I wrote in the “About” section, I love tarot and divination as well as astrology. Those are many things that make me feel drawn to him.

You also may be thinking if I abandoned the other gods, but no. First: all of the gods are with me and every one of us haha. But, second: I feel Apollo, Poseidon, Aset and Yinepu very present in my life. And I have more deities I seem to like but the main would be these 4.

I think that would be it. Thank you,
Andy.

 

Know Thyself Tarot Spread

Hey! I’m just here to post a spread that I saw on the preview of the book 365 Tarot Spreads: Revealing the Magic in Each Day by Sasha Graham.

This spread is dedicated to Apollo because on the day April 6 it is celebrated the festival Delphinia. The author starts with a little introduction of the day as well as a summary of the tarot spread.

Summary of the Spread:

How well do you know yourself? Know thyself was inscribed at the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, according to writer Pausanias. This spread inquires about you and just how well you know the person living in your skin.

knowthyself

Explanation of the Cards’ Positions:

  1. What is my understanding of the universe?
  2. What is my understanding of the earth?
  3. What role do my parents play in my life?
  4. What is the relationship between my body and my mind?
  5. How free am I to create possibility for myself?
  6. What invokes my curiosity?
  7. What fascinates me?
  8. What helps me follow my true path?

 

All the rights go to Sasha Graham, I did not created this spread.

Thank you,
Andy.